Nainital is a popular hill station in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and headquarters of Nainital district in the Kumaon foothills of the outer Himalayas. Situated at an altitude of 2,084 metres (6,837 ft) above sea level, Nainital is set in a valley containing a mango-shaped lake, approximately two miles in circumference, and surrounded by mountains, of which the highest is Naina (2,615 m (8,579 ft)) on the north.
Nainital used to be the summer capital of the United Provinces during the British period and continued to remain so for many years even after independence. Its snow-capped peaks, verdant valleys, rolling meadows and crystal lakes have beckoned lovers of nature since ages. Nature has been generous in endowing Nainital with natural beauty and abundance of flora and fauna. Nainital was Jim Corbett’s home for many years. Some of the important places and tourist attractions in the Nainital are Haldwani, Kaladhungi, Ramnagar, Bhowali, Ramgarh, Mukteshwar, Bhimtal, Sattal and Naukuchiatal. During winters, the hilly areas receives snowfall, while in summers, the plains experiences the temperature of 45 degree Celsius. Nainital can be visited throughout the year. The best time to visit Nainital is from April to May and October to November. Various tourists visit Nainital to explore its historical sites, wildlife reserve, fruit orchards, sanctified spots and the panoramic environment. Hindi, English and Kumaoni are the main languages which are spoken here.